Low-power distributed sparse recovery testbed on wireless sensor networks
R .R. De Lucia, S. M. Fosson, E. Magli
IEEE 18th International Workshop on on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP), Montreal, Canada, September 2016
Recently, distributed algorithms have been proposed for the recovery of sparse signals in networked systems, e.g. wireless sensor networks. Such algorithms allow large networks to operate autonomously without the need of a fusion center, and are very appealing for smart sensing problems employing low-power devices. They exploit local communications, where each node of the network updates its estimates of the sensed signal also based on the correlated information received from neighboring nodes. In the literature, theoretical results and numerical simulations have been presented to prove convergence of such methods to accurate estimates. Their implementation, however, raises some concerns in terms of power consumption due to iterative inter-node communications, data storage, computation capabilities, global synchronization, and faulty communications. On the other hand, despite these potential issues, practical implementations on real sensor networks have not been demonstrated yet. In this paper we fill this gap and describe a successful implementation of a class of randomized, distributed algorithms on a real low-power wireless sensor network testbed with very scarce computational capabilities. We consider a distributed compressed sensing problem and we show how to cope with the issues mentioned above. Our tests on synthetic and real signals show that distributed compressed sensing can successfully operate in a real-world environment.