SparseHash: Embedding Jaccard Coefficient between Supports of Signals
D.Valsesia, S.M.Fosson, C.Ravazzi, T.Bianchi, E.Magli
2016 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo Workshops (ICME 2016 Workshops), Seattle, USA, July 11-15, 2016
Embeddings provide compact representations of signals to be used to perform inference in a wide variety of tasks. Random projections have
been extensively used to preserve Euclidean distances or inner products of high dimensional signals into low dimensional representations.
Different techniques based on hashing have been used in the past to embed set similarity metrics such as the Jaccard coefficient. In this
paper we show that a class of random projections based on sparse matrices can be used to preserve the Jaccard coefficient between the
supports of sparse signals. Our proposed construction can be therefore used in a variety of tasks in machine learning and multimedia signal
processing where the overlap between signal supports is a relevant similarity metric. We also present an application in retrieval of similar text documents where SparseHash improves over MinHash.
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